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plants Identified at

the Rocky River Nature Park


TREES 3 Sweet Gum.jpg

Sweet Gum

Tree 1 Willow Oak.jpg
Tree 2 Tulip Poplar.jpg

Tulip Poplar

Willow Oak

White Oak, Quercus alba – Widespread, but not on very wet or dry sites

Northern Red Oak, Quercus rubra – Moist to drier upland forests 

Southern Red Oak, Quercus falcata – West and south-facing ridges

Water Oak, Quercus nigra – Moist to drier sites 

Willow Oak, Quercus phellos – Moist sites

Post Oak, Quercus stellata – Drier upland forests

Chestnut Oak, Quercus montana – Drier upland sites

Mockernut Hickory, Carya tomentosa – Moist to dry forests

Pignut Hickory, Carya glabra – Moist to dry forests

American Beech, Fagus grandifolia – Moist forests; shade-tolerant

Eastern Redbud, Cercis canadensis – Moist; understory shade

Tulip Poplar or Tulip Tree, Liriodendron tulipifera – Moist and dry sites; shade intolerant

Sweet Gum, Liquidamber styraciflua – Moist woods

Winged Elm, Ulmus alata – Moist to dry woods

Black Willow, Salix nigra – Along rivers, streams and ponds

Red Maple, Acer rubrum – Widespread – wet to dry sites

Loblolly Pine, Pinus taeda – Moist to dry sites; farmed extensively

Shortleaf Pine, Pinus echinate – Drier forests

Southern Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora – Moist, well-drained forests

Tag Alder, Alnus serrulate – Alluvial forests

River Birch, Betula nigra – Alluvial forests

Box Elder, Acer negundo – Alluvial forests; moist habitats

Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana – Tolerates all but deep shade and standing water

Sourwood, Oxydendrum arboretum – Moist to drier understory tree

Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis – Alluvial forests

Cottonwood, Populus heterophylla – Alluvial forests

Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida – Moist to dry woods; understory tree


Shurbs 2 Lowbush Blueberry.jpg

Lowbush Blueberry

Shrubs 1 Winged Sumac.jpg
Shurbs 3 Horse Sugar.jpg

Horse Sugar

Winged Sumac

Winged Sumac, Rhus copallinum – Dry sites; edge

Painted Buckeye, Aesculus sylvatica

Horse Sugar or Sweetleaf, Symplocos tinctorial

Lowbush Blueberry, Vaccinium pallidum

Poison Oak, Toxicodendron pubescens


Herbs 2 Hairy Bittercress.jpg

Hairy Bittercress

Herbs 1 Wild Violet.jpg
Herbs 3 Dog Fennel.jpg

Dog Fennel

Wild Violet

Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta

Bluets, Houstonia caerulea

Henbit, Lamium amplexicaule

Dead Nettle, Lamium purpureum

Chickweed, Stellaria media

Wild Violet, Viola spp.

Purple Vetch, Vicia americana

Green and Gold, Chrysogonum virginianum

Dog Fennel, Eupatorium capillifolium

Giant or River Cane, Arundinaria gigantea – Aluvial forests


Vines 1 Cross Vine.jpg

Cross Vine

Vines 3 Common Greenbrier.jpg

Common Greenbrier

Vines 2 Muscadine.jpg


Cross Vine, Bignonia capreolata

Muscadine, Vitis rotundifolia

Poison Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans – Mesic to dry forests; edges

Common Greenbrier, Smilax rotundifolia – Moist to dry forests; edges

Smilax spp. – Moist to dry forests; edges


Fern 1 Ebony Spleenwort.jpg

Ebony Spleenwort

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Christmas Fern

Ebony Spleenwort, Asplenium platyneuron – Moist forests

Christmas Fern – Polystichum acrostichoides – Moist to dry forests


Invasives 2 Silverthorn.jpg


Invasives 1 Japanese Honeysuckle.jpg
Invasives 3 Chinese Privet.jpg

Chinese Privet

Japanese Honeysuckle

Japanese Honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica – Woody vine; edges

Russian Olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia – Shrub, edges

Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens – Shrub, edges

Nonnative Wisteria (Chinese or Japanese), Wisteria sinensis; floribunda, Woody vine, edges

Privet (Chinese or Japanese), Ligustrum sinense; japonicum – Shrubs, lowland; upland; edges

Callery or Bradford Pear, Pyrus calleryana – Tree, moist and dry forests, fields, edges



Lizard's Tail

Aquatic Plants 1 Common Cattail.jpg
Aquatic Plants 3 Smartweeds.jpg


Common Cattail

Coontail, Ceratophyllum demersum – Floating or loosely rooted

Common Cattail, Typha latifolia – Emergent

Arrowhead, Sagittaria spp. – Emergent

Arrow Arum, Peltandra virginica – Emergent

Pickerelweed, Pontederia cordata – Emergent

Lizard’s Tail, Saururus cernuus – Emergent

Smartweeds, Polygonum spp. – Emergent

Pennyworts, Hydrocotyle spp. – Emergent; alluvial soils

Parrot-feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum – Submergent; rooted; invasive introduction

Common Reed, Phragmites australis – Emergent reed

Sedges, Carex spp. – Emergent

Bulrushes, Scirpus spp. – Emergent

Rushes, Juncus spp. - Emergent 

Aquatic Plants
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